Kefir, Kefir Grain, Kefir Starter, Kefiran, Lactic Acid Bacteria | DMJ Biotech

 

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Kefir Grain
<Structure of kefir grain>                                  Electron microscope of kefir grain

Microorganism

Species most frequently foun

Lactobacillus

Obligate heterofermentative: Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus kefir
Homofermentative: Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei, Lactobacillus plantarum,
Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus, Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens, Lactobacillus fermentum

Lactococci

Lactococcus lactis, Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis, Lactococcus lactis subsp.cremoris

Leuconostoc

Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides, Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. Dextranicum, Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. cremoris, Leuconostoc lactis

Streptococci

Streptococcus thermophilus, Streptococcus lactis

YEASTS

Non-lactose fermenting yeasts: Sacharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyce lactis
Lactose fermenting yeasts: Candida kefir, Kluyveromyces marxianus, Kluyveromyces marxianus var. marxianus, Kluyveromyces marxianus var. lactis